UserDefaults in SwiftUI Environment with AppStorage

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While browsing Reddit recently, I came across a question that prompted me to start this blog. I wanted to share my expertise with others so that we can all become better developers.

As I was reviewing some code, I noticed that sensitive data such as login information should not be saved to UserDefaults. Instead, it should be stored in Keychain. However, we can use AppStorage for other types of data.

To demonstrate this, I’ve created a SampleStorage class that uses AppStorage to store and retrieve data. This class includes methods for saving and retrieving employee information in a dictionary format. Since the data is stored in a dictionary in dictionary format, we need to encode and decode it before saving to UserDefaults (line 9 and 14).

final class SampleStorage: ObservableObject {
    var name: String = ""
    var employeeData: Data = Data()
    func saveEmployeeInformation(info: [[String: String]]) {
        guard let newData = try? JSONEncoder().encode(info) else { return }
        employeeData = newData
    func employeeInformation() -> [[String: String]]? {
        guard let employeeInformation = try? JSONDecoder().decode([[String: String]].self, from: employeeData)
        else {
            return nil
        return employeeInformation
        // Advanced: - One liner return approach -
        // return try? JSONDecoder().decode([[String: String]].self, from: employeeData)

Here’s a sample view that demonstrates how to use the SampleStorage class to store and retrieve employee information.

import SwiftUI

struct UserDefaultSampleView: View {
    private var storage = SampleStorage()
    var body: some View {
        VStack {
            Text("Name: " +
            Text("Employee information: ")
            Text(storage.employeeInformation()?.description ?? "")
    // MARK: - Private -
    private var updateNameButton : some View {
        Button("Update name") {
            guard let name = randomName() else { return }
   = name
    private var updateEmployeeInformationButton: some View {
        Button("Update employee information") {
            guard let name = randomName(),
                  let middleName = randomName(),
                  let lastName = randomName()
            else {
            let information = [
                ["name": name],
                ["middleName": middleName],
                ["lastName": lastName]
            storage.saveEmployeeInformation(info: information)
    private var removeEmployeeInformation: some View {
        Button("Remove employee information") {
            storage.employeeData = Data()
    private func randomName() -> String? {
        let names = ["Zoey", "Chloe", "Amani", "Amaia", "Tom", "John"]
        guard let randomName = names.randomElement() else { return nil }
        return randomName

Feel free to post any suggestions, questions in the comments below.

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